Refugees, including 1.5 million Syrians and over 300,000 Palestinians, constitute more than one quarter of Lebanon’s population. This makes it the highest per-capita concentration of refugees in the world.
The mass influx of refugees has placed unprecedented strain on Lebanon’s economy, public services and infrastructure, as well as on social relations within the country’s fragile sectarian balance.
The pressure is felt in all sectors including education, health, housing, water and electricity supply. As time goes by, competition for jobs and resources is also fuelling tensions in certain areas between Lebanese host communities and Syrian refugees
While Lebanon has remained a generous host, the Government took measures in 2015 to restrict the entry and legal stay of refugees, raising concerns about their safety and well-being. Hence, humanitarian and development support is needed to support refugees and vulnerable Lebanese, to mitigate the impact of the crisis and maintain Lebanon’s stability.
Islamic Relief first started working in Lebanon in 2006, providing those affected by the Lebanon war with food, clean water and essential household items.
After the conflict, we continued working in Lebanon, concentrating on remote rural areas along the southern border, rebuilding hospitals and repairing damaged water facilities and supporting people to rebuild their livelihoods.
Following the outbreak of the Syrian crisis in 2011, Islamic Relief started working with Syrian refugees, providing food, health care, water and sanitation.